Adaptive myopia. Part 1. Actuating mechanisms of optic axis growth in the incremental retinal defocus theory 
1Koshits I.N., Director of Petercom-Networks
2Svetlova O.V., Dr. Sc. (Med.), Prof.
3Guseva M.G., ophthalmologist
4Balashevich L.I., Dr. Sc. (Med.), Prof.
5Makarov F.N., Dr. Sc. (Med.), Prof.
6Egemberdiev M.B., Cand. Sc. (Med.)

1Petercom-Networks / Management Systems Consulting Group Cl. corp., St. Petersburg, Russia;
2I. Mechnikov Northwestern State Medical University, St. Petersburg, Russia;
3Diagnostic municipal Center «Vodokanal Spb.», St. Petersburg, Russia;
4S. Fyodorov Eye Microsurgery Federal State Institution, St. Petersburg branch, Russia;
5Pavlov Institute of Physiology Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg, Russia.
6United Hospital of the «Chuya» District, Department of Ophthalmology, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan
E-mail: svetlova.ov@bk.ru

The modern theory of acquired myopia (the theory of retinal defocus) is being considered against the backdrop of the global pandemic forecast: about 5 billion by 2050 year. The inconsistency of tincremental retinal defocus theory in part of the proposed executive mechanisms has been revealed. Until the regulations for visual work are absent, the issues of video ecology and total prevention of acquired myopia should take the first place in the fight against the myopia pandemic.

Key words: adaptation, acquired myopia, defocus theory, video ecology, visual performance, control mechanisms of accommodation and axial length
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