Oftalmol Zh. 2013;6:68-72.
Effect of recombinant erythropoietin on structural changes of the retina, hemoglobin concentration and erythrocytes quantity in peripheral blood in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats
Pasyechnikova NV, Naumenko VA, Vit VV. Pilkevich TS
SI «The Filatov Institute of Eye Diseases and Tissue Therapy of NAMS of Ukraine»
Introduction. Recently the role of erythropoietin (Epo) in the development of dia betic retinopathy has been studied.
Purpose. To determine the effect of recombinant erythropoietin (rEpo) on structural peculiarities of the retina, hemoglobin concentration and erythrocyte quantity in peripheral blood in streptozotocin-induced diabetes animals.
Methods. 30 Vistar rats were included in the experiment. Diabetes was simulated using a single intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin in a dose of 65 mgper 1 kg body weight. All rats were divided into three groups, each of 10 rats (20 eyes). Group 1 consisted of intact rats; group 2 — of streptozotocin-induced diabetes rats not receiving rEpo; group 3 — of streptozotocin-induced diabetes rats receiving rEpo. REpo administration started on the 10th day in a dose of 60 units per 1 kg of body weight three times a week during two weeks.
Results. Epo was detected in peripheral blood and vitreous of intact rats. Erythrocyte quantity and hemoglobin concentration in blood didn't change in rats of Group 2. REpo administration in Group 3 led to significant increase of Epo concentration in peripheral blood and vitreous, increase of erythrocyte quantity and hemoglobin concentration. Development of retinal edema, vacuolar degeneration of retinal ganglion cells, signs of destructive changes in the retinal capillaries walls were noted in animals of Group 2, and rEpo administration significantly reduced the risk of development of those complications in Group 3.
Key-words: streptozotocin-induced diabetes, recombinant erythropoietin, diabetic retinopathy.
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