Received: 04 October 2021; Published on-line: 21 December 2021
Results of the study on the impact of eye disease on child quality of life
N. V. Medvedovska
National Academy of Medical Science of Ukraine; Kyiv (Ukraine)
TO CITE THIS ARTICLE: Medvedovska NV. Results of the study on the impact of eye disease on child quality of life. J.ophthalmol.(Ukraine). 2021;6:48-51. http://doi.org/10.31288/oftalmolzh202164851
Background: Visual function impairment in early childhood affects the development of child’s perception of the world. There is an increase in the importance of studies on not only characteristics of vision impairment, but also on the impact of these characteristics on the quality of life (QoL), for predicting subsequent full-blown socialization of the child and the potential for effective treatment of a detected eye condition or correction of an eye with a refractive error.
Purpose: To examine the impact of eye disease on the components of QoL of children from various age groups.
Material and Methods: Eight hundred and twenty-four parents of children of various age groups voluntarily and anonymously responded to the adapted version of the Children's Visual Function Questionnaire (CVFQ) while their children were having an examination of eye functions.
Results: The presence of eye disease affected child QoL, with a reduction in the mean total score of child QoL of 17.8% for the age cohort of children under 3 years of age, and of 19.3% for the age cohort of children above 3 years of age. Visual function impairment affected the scores of General Health, General Vision, Competence and Personality domains, particularly, the score of the child’s capacity to get along well with peers and friends.
Conclusion: Studies on child quality of life demonstrate the impact of visual function impairment on the child’s potential for socialization, and still provide a means for getting feedback from the patient when there is a need for prolonged observation of changes in his/her visual functions.
Keywords: pediatric eye disease, quality of life
1.World report on vision. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2019. Licence: CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 IGO.
2.Dufynets VA. [Rationale for an optimized system for providing eye care to population at the regional level under conditions of the development of health care facilities of various types of ownership]. Visnyk sotsialnoi hihiieny ta orhanizatsii okhorony zdorovia Ukrainy. 2016;2(68):32-8. Ukrainian.
3.Health 2020: a European policy framework and strategy for the 21st century. Copenhagen: WHO Regional Office for Europe; 2013.
4.[2015-2025 National strategy for building a new health care system in Ukraine]. Kyiv; 2015. Ukrainian.
5.Universal eye health: a global action plan 2014-2019. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2013.
Conflict of interest: The author declares that there is no conflict of interest that could affect her opinion on the subject or materials of this manuscript.
Sources of Support: none.