Fulltext Pdf


Received: 11 June 2020; Published on-line: 12 February 2021

Analysis of the structure of eye diseases in the population of the South Aral Sea region 

F. A. Bakhritdinova, Z. R. Maksudova, A. K. Matkarimov

Tashkent Medical Academy; Tashkent (Uzbekistan)

E-mail: akmalmatkarimov1983@gmail.com

TO CITE THIS ARTICLE: Bakhritdinova FA, Maksudova ZR, Matkarimov AK. Analysis of the structure of eye diseases in the population of the South Aral Sea region. J.ophthalmol.(Ukraine).2021;1:46-9.    http://doi.org/10.31288/oftalmolzh202114649

Despite the large number of works devoted to the influence of the ecological situation in the Aral Sea region on public health, insufficient attention is paid to the study of the influence of environmental factors on the organ of vision. 

Purpose: to analyze the detection and condition of some eye diseases in the Aral Sea population.

Material and methods. The data of statistical reports of medical institutions for 2009-2019 is analyzed. 

Results. Over the past 11 years, among the population of the Republic of Karakalpakstan, the total and primary incidence of eyes and its appendages increased by 39% and 68.5%, respectively. The overall incidence of cataracts in the period from 2009 to 2011 tended to decrease by 16.4% (from 161.05 to 138.27), and the primary incidence by 50%. But from 2012 to 2019, these indicators have dynamically increased by 26% and 89%, respectively. The general and primary incidence with glaucoma and myopia has not had significant dynamics over the past 11 years. However, the general and primary morbidity with myopia is 1.22 and 1.36 times higher (p≥0.01), respectively, than the Republic of Uzbekistan as a whole. 

Conclusion. The general and primary incidence of the eyes and its appendages in the Aral Sea region has a tendency to increase every year. At the same time, the dynamics of the increase in the incidence falls on the share of patients with conjunctival diseases, myopia and cataracts. The average results of the incidence of cataracts and myopia in the Aral Sea region are significantly greater than in the Republic of Uzbekistan as a whole. Perhaps this is due to increased pollution of the atmosphere of the region and disease resistance to traditional methods of treatment and prevention of these ophthalmopathologies.

Key words: Aral Sea region, eye incidence, cataract, myopia, glaucoma, ecology



1.Amirov A. N. Influence of air pollution on the organ of vision of children. Actual problems of ophthalmology. Kazan Medical Journal. 2012; 93(6): 106-109. In Russian.


2.Archana Gupta, Akanksha Gupta. Environmental Challenges in Aral sea basin: impact on Human health. Intern. Journal of Research in Social Sciences. 2016; 6 (8): 419-440.

3.Kudaybergenova U. K., Mambetullaeva S. M. Role of ecological factors in incidence formation population of Karakalpakstan. Austrian Journal of Technical and Natural Sciences. 2014;(1):3-7.

4.Kurbanazarov M.K., Kurbanov A.B. Azhimuratova V.B., Esenbayeva D.G. The analysis of ekstraokulyar pathology at patients with short-sightedness in region of Southern Aral Sea area. Austrian Journal of Technical and Natural Sciences. 2015; 6: 76-79. In Russian.

5.Miyanova G.A. Correlation dependence of diseases of the nervous system of the Aral Sea population taking into account the level of environmental pollution. The Journal of scientific articles “Health and Education Millennium”. 2016; 18(6): 80-82. In Russian.

6.Mukasheva B.G. The impact of climate on the health status of the Aral Sea population. Occupational health and medical ecology. 2015; 4 (49): 20-30. In Russian.

7.Onischenko A.L., Kolbasko A.V., Melnichenko M.A., Filimonov S.N. Pathology of the Organs of Vision in Metallurgists. Ophthalmology in Russia. 2018; 15(4): 492–496.


8.Sakiev K.Z., Zhumabekova G.S., Batyrbekova L.S., Ibraeva A.D., Khaidarov K.K. Current health problems of the Aral Sea population. Bulletin of KazNMU. 2014; 3(3): 220-222. In Russian.

9.Wolfsan I.F., Kremkova E.V., Pechenkin I.G., Farrakhov E.G. Geological risk factors for eye diseases. Clinical Gerontology. 2006; 7: 44-46. In Russian.

No conflict of interest was declared by the authors