Received: 5 November  2018; Published on-line: 31 December 2018

Maxillary postimplantation syndrome: ocular aspects

A.O. Asmolova,1  Cand Sc (Med); O.V. Zborovska,2 Dr Sc (Med); O.E. Dorokhova,2 Cand Sc (Med); 

O.V. Pasechnik,1 Cand Sc (Med)

1 Odesa National Medical University;   Odessa (Ukraine)

2 Filatov Institute of Eye Disease and Tissue Therapy;   Odessa (Ukraine)

E-mail: dorochovaa@gmail.com


Background: Maxillary postimplantation syndrome (MPS) has been previously described as a complication occurring more than 1 year after maxillary implant placement in patients with partial loss of teeth due to accident, extraction and/or local periodontal disease. The syndrome is characterized by dental, rhinological, ocular and/or neurodental symptoms.

Purpose: To determine frequencies of ocular disorders in patients who developed manifestations of maxillary postimplantation syndrome.

Materials and Methods: Seventy four patients with MPS (age, 27 to 64 years) and 43 healthy volunteers (age, 25 to 63 years) were involved in the diagnostic study. Patients underwent a routine clinical examination including rhinoscopy, stomatoscopy, and paranasal sinus computed tomography. In addition, a routine eye examination was performed.

Results: Ocular disorders were found in 81% of patients with MPS, and included functional injury of the nasolacrimal canal (51%), dacryocystitis (20.2%), and intermediate uveitis (6.7%) with complications manifesting as macular edema or epiretinal membrane (4.05%), optic nerve drusen (6.7%), and optic neuritis (5.4%). Some MPS patients exhibited several ocular disorders (including, in particular, a functional injury of the nasolacrimal canal or dacryocystitis).

Conclusion: Ocular disorders were found in 81% of patients with MPS. Patients with MPS should undergo an eye examination even in the absence of ocular complaints.

Keywords:  dental implant placement, maxillary postimplantation syndrome, uveitis, dacryocystitis, optic nerve drusen



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