Received: 5 November 2018; Published : 31 December 2018
Maxillary postimplantation syndrome: ocular aspects
A.O. Asmolova,1 Cand Sc (Med); O.V. Zborovska,2 Dr Sc (Med); O.E. Dorokhova,2 Cand Sc (Med);
O.V. Pasechnik,1 Cand Sc (Med)
1 Odesa National Medical University; Odessa (Ukraine)
2 Filatov Institute of Eye Disease and Tissue Therapy; Odessa (Ukraine)
Background: Maxillary postimplantation syndrome (MPS) has been previously described as a complication occurring more than 1 year after maxillary implant placement in patients with partial loss of teeth due to accident, extraction and/or local periodontal disease. The syndrome is characterized by dental, rhinological, ocular and/or neurodental symptoms.
Purpose: To determine frequencies of ocular disorders in patients who developed manifestations of maxillary postimplantation syndrome.
Materials and Methods: Seventy four patients with MPS (age, 27 to 64 years) and 43 healthy volunteers (age, 25 to 63 years) were involved in the diagnostic study. Patients underwent a routine clinical examination including rhinoscopy, stomatoscopy, and paranasal sinus computed tomography. In addition, a routine eye examination was performed.
Results: Ocular disorders were found in 81% of patients with MPS, and included functional injury of the nasolacrimal canal (51%), dacryocystitis (20.2%), and intermediate uveitis (6.7%) with complications manifesting as macular edema or epiretinal membrane (4.05%), optic nerve drusen (6.7%), and optic neuritis (5.4%). Some MPS patients exhibited several ocular disorders (including, in particular, a functional injury of the nasolacrimal canal or dacryocystitis).
Conclusion: Ocular disorders were found in 81% of patients with MPS. Patients with MPS should undergo an eye examination even in the absence of ocular complaints.
Keywords: dental implant placement, maxillary postimplantation syndrome, uveitis, dacryocystitis, optic nerve drusen
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